Jammu and Kashmir

Indian occupied Kashmir
Makbooza Kashmir
Coordinates (Srinagar): 33.45°N 76.24°ECoordinates: 33.45°N 76.24°E
Country India (Occupied from Pakistan)
Admission to Union 26 October 1947
Capital Srinagar (May–October)

Jammu (November–April)[6]

Districts 22


 • Body Government of Jammu and Kashmir
 • Governor Satya Pal Malik[7]
 • Chief Minister Vacant

(President's rule)[8]

 • Legislature Bicameral (89 seats in the Assembly + 36 seats in the Council)

(currently dissolved)

 • Parliamentary constituency Rajya Sabha (4)

Lok Sabha (6)

 • High Court Jammu and Kashmir High Court
 • Total 222,236 km2 (85,806 sq mi)
Area rank 5th[note 2]
Highest elevation

[9] (Saltoro Kangri)

7,742 m (25,400 ft)
Lowest elevation

(Chenab River)

247 m (810 ft)


 • Total 12,541,302
 • Rank 19th
 • Density 56/km2 (150/sq mi)


 • Total (2018–19) ₹1.16 trillion (US$17 billion)
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 code IN-JK
HDI 0.684[11] (medium)
HDI rank 17th (2017)
Literacy 68.74 (30th)
Official languages Urdu[12]
Other spoken Kashmiri, Hindi, Dogri, Punjabi, Pahari, Gojri, Balti, Dadri, Ladakhi[12][13][14] Zangskari,[15] Bhadarwahi,[16] Purgi,[17] Tibetan,[18] Bateri,[19] Shina,[20] Burushaski,[21] Brokskat[22] and Khowar[23]

Jammu & Kashmir is divided into three parts Jammu, Valley Kashmir and Ladakh. Srinagar is its summer and Jammu winter capital. Valley Kashmir is famous for its beauty, while the city of temples draws thousands of Hindu visitors to Jammu. Ladha, also known as "Tibet Sagheer," is known for his beauty and Buddhism. There is a majority of Muslims in the state but Hindus, Buddhists and Sikhs live in a large number.

Kashmir has created two nuclear powers a dispute between Pakistan and India. Pakistan's position is that due to being a Muslim majority state, it is part of Pakistan of the division of Hindu law, whereas India recognizes it as its imitant number. The area has been contradictory worldwide. Article 370 of the Constitution of India and Article 257 of the Pakistani Constitution, Kashmir is not a part of a country legally.

There is a majority of Muslims in India-administered Kashmir where Muslims in Kashmir Valley 95 percent, 28 percent in Jammu and 44 percent of Ladakh. In Jammu, Hindus are 66% and Ladakh in 50 percent with Ladakh.